Do I understand correctly that kitchen and bathroom (including bath, shower and toilet) have to connect to the SAM-module? Won't this limit our choice of layout?

The kitchen and bathroom are always part of the SAM-module, yes. This way you actually get more usable living space. The SAM-layout is very efficient and unique in the way it stows away utilities. Regardless, in most new construction projects the utilities are grouped as centrally as possible anyway.

How do you go about installing electrical wires and lighting? What about sockets and light switches?

This depends on the type of SAM-module and the type of residence. SAM is meant for smaller living spaces, like apartments and student accommodation. In some of these spaces it is possible to connect all of the lighting to the module itself and incorporate all the sockets or switches. We are currently looking into how we can organise this in the least intrusive way possible. For example, we try to make all the switches wireless.

Prefab for small spaces, what else is new?

SAM-modules don’t have a fixed design. This is what makes them unique! SAM is a completely adaptable system with no less than 18 flexible cabinet modules. Furthermore, all 5 utilities are integrated within these modules. This allows for a complete decoupling between the structure of a building and the utilities. This is a huge, completely new, advantage when the time comes to re-purpose or deconstruct the building.

What type of living spaces suit your SAM system best?

SAM is an ideal solution for smaller living spaces: urban apartments, care homes, student accommodation and even unused office spaces that can be converted to residential projects. SAM units contain all 5 utilities necessary to create a comfortable living environment. Namely electricity, heating, water, ventilation and home automation. This makes SAM perfect for these kinds of living homes.


This is a total new way of creating living space and therefore a total new way of living! More and more people are moving to the city worldwide. As the population density in cities increases, smaller living becomes a necessity.

What makes building with SAM sustainable?

  • By combining all utilities in one central location you need less material, less pipes and less wires.
  • All the wood is FSC-certified. This means it’s recycled or from sustainable foresting origin.
  • By producing the modules offsite in a factory, all materials can be recycled and there is very little waste.
  • Building with SAM means that the utilities are no longer embedded into walls or floors. The process of embedding utilities into the structure of the building is often destructive and wasteful. So we just don’t do it anymore.

How long does it take to make a SAM-unit? And how long does the installation take?

Project developers and/or architects design their SAM-units together with the design team at Bao Living. The earlier we are involved in the building process, the better. The total production time will depend on the amount of units and the complexity of the layout, but on average this will take around 12 weeks. We install the modules in a maximum of 3 days for each living space. Our advice would be to install the SAM units at the same time as you would a kitchen in a traditional project.

You mention it is cheaper than traditional techniques? Is this for all construction types?

Building with SAM is a form of modular construction. Together with our partners we have tested our SAM-modules extensively (and continue to do so) and we come in at around 30% cheaper than traditional methods. This is a result of direct and indirect cost cuts such as:


  • Reducing the time it takes to install all 5 utilities, a kitchen and a bathroom (as the production happens in an automated workshop.)
  • Reducing the error margins. (Traditional methods of building usually incorporate a 10% margin for error within the entire project’s price.)
  • The inner walls are replaced by cabinets, a huge added value for the end consumer as well.

How flexible is SAM? Should construction companies change the plans of their construction project to implement SAM?

SAM does not have a fixed design. It is a completely adaptable system with no less than 18 flexible cabinet modules. All the utilities are integrated. Thanks to these flexible modules SAM can be very easily adapted to the ideal layout of existing projects. It is however for the best to involve SAM as early as possible in the design process.

Is there still room for creativity in the construction/design process?

There is still plenty of room for creativity with SAM! It is a flexible system with which architects can design interiors to suit the needs of their customer. All the utilities are integrated within the 18 different modules. Thanks to these flexible modules architects still have a very wide range of options.

The idea is that, with SAM, you save money in the construction process which means you have extra budget to finish and furnish the building to your heart’s content. 

What do the cabinets look like? Can I choose how they look?

Yes. There’s a very wide range of options. The freedom of choice is very comparable to classic furniture. Of course, the price rises when finer materials and details are chosen.

What quality can we expect of your SAM system?

The SAM-modules are produced in an automated workshop. This means that the modules, including utilities, are made in the best possible circumstances. The quality of the production and quality control is very high. The conventional way is to install all these on site which leads to an increased amount of errors. We’ve been told that every construction project has margin for error of around 10% of the total project price. Do yourself a favour and build with SAM.

How much does SAM cost?

The cost of SAM depends on different elements: the size, the amount of SAMs you are going to install, the chosen devices, the choice of materials, …
Overall SAM is 30% cheaper than classic installation techniques.